Available Summaries

By DisciplineBy KeywordBy Author
Summary OfAuthored ByDisciplinessort iconAbstract
Social Science at 190 MPH on NASCAR's Biggest Speedways
Economics
Sociology
NASCAR race draft line formations and dissolutions can serve as an example for cooperation and competition in other social domains.
The Cathedral and the Bazaar
Economics
Eric Raymond compares two styles of software development using his own experience as illustration -- the traditional top-down (Cathedral) approach and the bottom-up (Bazaar) approach -- and points out how Internet-enabled cooperation makes the Bazaar approach highly efficient for the right tasks.
The Logic of Collective Action: Public Goods and the Theory of Groups
Economics
Political Science
Sociology
Rational, self-interested individuals in large groups need a positive incentive or negative sanction delivered through institutional arrangements in order to provide themselves a collective good; in small groups the collective good itself can be incentive enough for individuals to cooperate.
The Quest for Meaning in Public Choice
Economics
Sociology
Psychology
Frameworks, composed of theories that are in turn composed of varying models need to be developed to study and make predictions about the complex behaviors that take place in social situations.
The Wisdom of Crowds
Economics
Sociology
Psychology
James Surowiecki argues that with the proper structure and characteristics, large groups of ordinary people can outperform small groups of experts in making decisions and predictions.
The Relationship Revolution
Technology
Economics
While the Internet phenomenon is often referred to as an “Information Revolution,” Michael Schrage says this is a misnomer and claims it is more accurate to state that the world is in the midst of a Relationship Revolution.
Paying for Public Goods
Computer Science
Economics
Political Science
Scientific and technological developments such as the Human Genome Project, GNU/Linux, Global Positioning Satellite data, file-sharing distribution of music and cinema, the cost of drugs for global epidemics such as AIDS, has necessitated new models for paying for public goods, such as compulsory licensing, competitive intermediators, and nonprofit matching funds.
That Sneaky Exponential: Beyond Metcalfe's Law to the Power of Community Building
Computer Science
Economics
Reed's Law states that communications networks that connect groups (as opposed to peers) create value that scales exponentially with network size.
Deindividuation and Anti-normative Behavior: A Meta Analysis
Cultural Evolution
Sociology
Psychology
Deindividuation theory is a social psychological account of the individual in the crowd that postulates that the psychological state of deindividuation brings about anti-normative and disinhibited behavior in the individual members.
P2P and Human Evolution: Peer to peer as the premise of a new mode of civilization
Cultural Evolution
Technology
Sociology
More than just a technical architecture or an organizational format for knowledge exchange or collaboration, Peer to Peer keeps appearing as a model in many arenas, from technical to cultural, to social and political, and it is ultimately leading to the establishment of a new civilization.